Bartinus Pedersen Satrum
Mette Caroline (Lena) Winge (Vinge)


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This Page Updated
10 November 2007

Bartinus Satrum farm number 2, west of Zumbrota, Minnesota, Goodhue County

Picture of farm house from Bartinus first farm (read more below about his farms).  All that remains of the first farm is part of the foundation of some of the buildings.  The farm house was moved to 1290 Main Street, Zumbrota, Goodhue County, Minnesota and renovated and updated several times.  <Click for bigger picture>.

At the farm

March 5, 1892

50th Wedding
March 1942

For information about Bartinus' Parents:
Peter Olesen
Trætstykke and
Sigrid Bårdsdatter

For information about Lena's Parents:
Marthias Winge/Vinge
Johanna Vollan

For information about Winges/Vinges in Laq qui Parle County

Bartinus Satrum Family about 1917.  Pictured from left to right:
Back Row: Sadie, Emma, Selma, Benjamin ,Olga, Johnny, Henry, Olaf.
Front Row: Clarence, Bartinus, Myrtle, Stella, Hannah, Lena, Luella.
Back row needs to be verified.

Sailing to America.  A civil war had been raging, Indians from the "Sioux Uprising" had been raiding not far from where you hope to live, the President of your new country has been assassinated, and you have to arrive in time to plant your first crop so you have food for your first winter.

What thoughts must be going through your parent's heads as you all sail to this new land.

Read more at the bottom of this page about the Indian uprising.

"BARK" sailing ship

Children of Bartinus Satrum and Mette Caroline Vinge
Bartinus Satrum and Mette Caroline Vinge had 14 children, including 1 child Johan who was born and died on November 5, 1900.  We have never found Johan's grave.

The children's information is on a separate page--Click here to go to that page.

Bartinus Pedersen Satrum
Bartinus Satrum immigrated to America in 1865 with his parents.

Peter Olesen, his wife, Sigrid, and 2 children, Ole and Bartinus, sailed on the 485 ton bark (a type of sailing ship, the "bark" designation has to do with how the masts were mounted and the sails were rigged) "Bergen" piloted by Captain P. Arnesen, on May 14, 1865 arriving in Quebec on July 6,1865 after a 2 month voyage.  On the ship"s manifest they were listed as Peter Olsen Sæthergjærdet 30 a farmer, Sirri Baardsdatter his wife 30, Ole Petersen his son 3 1/2 and Baardlinus Petersen his son 9 months.  The ships manifest listed 181 adults, 111 children 1-14 yrs, and 15 infants.  The ages aren't totally correct.

Minneola Church wedding records for Bartinus show witnesses as P. Satran (Peter Satrum) and Mrs. P. Satran.  Bartinus and Mette Caroline Winge were married March 05, 1892.  Bartinus was 29 and Lena was 18.  After they married in March, they moved that same month with Mette's parents to Laq qui Parle county.  By the 29th of March, 1892, Mette's father purchased a farm in Laq qui Parle county so we know that from the time of the wedding in Minneola Township in Goodhue county, they were relocated to Madison Township in Laq qui Parle County, less than 4 weeks later.

There is some confusion over entries in Bartinus and Lena's family bible.  Most may be due to using phoentic spelling.  Even the names of some of the children appear to be spelled phoenetically.  An entry in the bible indicates that the bible was a gift on Bartinus and Lina's wedding day.  The inscription is "Carrplummert (This may be the word "complements" spelled as best they could) from L.D. Frigaard and T.O. Thoreson to Mr. and Mrs. B.P. Satrum on their wedding day".
Special Note:  Jerry Winberg, son of Stella Satrum (Winberg) and Wendell Winberg) has Bartinus and Lena's family bible.


and Mette Caroline had 14 children of whom 2 were born in Laq qui Parle County, Minnesota.  They were Selma and Jonette.  We originally beleived that 4 children (Selma, Jonette, Olga, and Emma) were born there but the 1895 Goodhue County census records Bartinus,  Caroline, Selma and Jonette there.  The birthdates of Olga (1896) and Emma (1897) are after this date.  The Laq qui Parle County county court house only had the record of one birth (Jonette).  Clerks at the courthouse said it was not uncommon for only some of the births to be recorded in those days.  Olga and Emma's birthdates now explain why were were unable to find birth records in Lac Qui Parle County.

Bartinus and Mette moved to Lac qui Parle with Mette's parents, (Mathias and Johanna Winge), and her sister and husband, (Marie and John Bordson) in March of 1892.  When they arrived in Laq qui Parle there were already many Winge familes living there.  (This included Mathias' parents, Greis and Marit Winge).  Some family members are buried in the Hegre, Lac Qui Parle Lutheran Church and county cemetery about 3-4 miles northeast of Madison, Minnesota.

Bartinus and Lena moved back to Goodhue County by 1895 where the remaining children were born.  Soon after they returned to the Zumbrota area, their first son, Johan, was born.  After he died so soon, Bartinus thought God was punishing him because of his drinking habit.  He quit drinking after his son's death.  (Documentation: This information came from a note from Bob Blakstad).  We have never found the grave site of Johan.

3 farms or 2? (more research needed)
We believe that Bartinus and Lena had at least 2 farms near Zumbrota in Goodhue County, Minnesota.  From the U.S. censuses we know that they were on the "first farm" in 1910 and the "second farm" in 1920, but we don't have the specific dates of when they bought and sold these farms.  They are also shown on what appears to be the "first farm" in the 1900 census but that farm is in enumeration district 60 in 1900 and enumeration district 61 in 1910.  Also the neighboring farm families have different names in 1900 and 1910. Also the 1900 farm did not have a mortgage and the later 1910 farm did have a mortgage, so we are unsure if the farms referenced in 1900 and 1910 are the same farm of if the 1900 farm was a possible earlier third farm.

first farm was south and east of the town of Zumbrota in section 30 of Zumbrota Township and the second farm was west of the town of Zumbrota in section 16 of Minneola Township.  Bartinus and Lena's daughter, Myrtle recalled when they moved from the first farm to the 2nd farm.  It was a cold day and they had to drive all of the animals through part of Zumbrota as they took their possessions to their new home.  The first farm house was moved from the farm and now is a home 1290 Main Street in the town of Zumbrota.  All of the buildings on this first farm are gone.  The 2nd farm was sold to Bartinus's son-in-law, Ole Shelstad who had married Bartinus and Lena's daughter Mette Olga.  Later the farm house on that property was torn down for a new home.  The barn remains (in 2005) but is in poor shape.  My father, Henry Norman Satrum recalled helping build that barn.

When they moved from the first farm to the second farm, they took a team of horses and all the farm animals through town on a cold day.  Myrtle remembered only wearing a sweater which was not enough to protect her from the cold.

Bartinus Pedersen, like his father Peder Olesen was known by more than one name until they finally settled on "Satrum" as the family name:

One account says that Bartinus'  father, Peter, and his wife Sigrid used Sigrid's farm name ("Sætran") after they moved to America.

On the passenger list of the bark "Bergen" Bartinus was listed as "Baardlinus Petersen", on the 1870 U.S. census, he is recorded as "Bortinus Olsen", on the 1880 U.S. census, he is recorded as "Bortinuis Oleson", on the 1900 U.S. census, he is recorded as "Bortinus P. Satrum".

In his family bible, Bartinus is recorded (presumably by Bartinus or Lena) as "Baartinus Pederson Sætrum".  The bible was a wedding gift in 1892 but it is not know when the entries listing the names of family members were made in the bible.  There are some later entries in another handwriting.  Some family members believe these entries were made by Marjorie Wing Satrum, wife of Olaf Satrum, son of Bartinus and Lena 

On the 1900 and 1905 U.S. Census files he was listed as Bartinus Satrum.  Census records from that point have him listed as Bartinus Satrum.

Records from Minneola church show his last name changing in 1914.  In 1913, he was still listed as "Bartinus P. Satran".  Records in that church changed from Norwegian to English in 1931.

There are anecdotal stories that Bartinus changed his name to avoid being confused with a different Bartinus Pedersen.  He may have originally taken the name Pedersen (son of Peder) in the Norwegian tradition, only later to have changed it to Olesen to be the same last name as his father, only to have both of them later use Satran, Sætran, and Satrum.


1853: Goodhue County, Minnesota
was established March 5, 1853 and named in honor of James Madison Goodhue, who was the first printer and editor in Minnesota.

1854: Zumbrota, Minnesota, the town near where they will locate, was settled in 1854, organized in 1858 and received the name of its village platted in 1856 on the Zumbro river which flows across the southern part of the township.  It was called "Riviere d'Embarras" by Pike in 1805-1806 adopting the name given it by French traders and voyageurs.  The French name referred to obstruction of the river near its mouth by a natural raft of driftwood.  Pronounced quickly and incompletely, with the French form and accent, as heard and written down by the English-speaking immigrants, this name "Riviere d'Embarras"  was unrecognizably transformed into "Zumbro" which is used on a map of Minnesota in 1860.  The village and township name adds a syllable, the Sioux suffix, "ta" meaning "at", "to", or "on", that is "the town on the Zumbro, being thus a compound from the French and Dakota languages.

1855:  Minneola Township, where Bartinus' parents would move (and later he would also live), was settled in 1855 and organized on December 15, 1859.  The name comes from the Dakota or Sioux Indian language, meaning "much water".

Between Red Wing, Minnesota, alongside the Mississippi river (where many Norwegians would start their Minnesota journey), and Zumbrota (about 25 miles), there were only 6 log houses along a well marked Indian trail.

Zumbrota has a population of 206.

"Great Sioux Uprising":
West of where Peter, Sigrid and their family will move, settlers are killed during the "Great Sioux Uprising".  One woman recalled the time: "The Indians have begun attacking the farmers. They have already killed a great many people, and many are mutilated in the cruelest manner. Tomahawks and knives have already claimed many victims. Children, less able to defend themselves, are usually burned alive or hanged in the trees, and destruction moves from house to house. The Indians burn everything on their way - houses, hay, grains, and so on. Even if I describe the horror in the strongest possible language, my description would fall short of reality. These troubles have now lasted for about two weeks, and every day larger numbers of settlers come into St Peter to protect their lives from the raging Indians. They crowd themselves together in large stone houses for protection, and the misery is so great that imagination could not depict it in darker colors. A few persons with their hands and feet burned off. May I never again have to see such terrible sights".

April 14, 1865. President Abraham Lincoln is shot.  He dies the next day.
May 1, 1865.  The first marriage license in Goodhue County was issued.  Prior to then, no license was required.
May 14, 1865.  Bartinus sails on the bark "Bergen" with his parents and his brother, Ole, from Trondheim to Quebec.  Between 1850 and 1865 most emigrants traveled on Norwegian sailing ships to Quebec and from there to the United States.

From the middle of the 1860s, steamships gradually replaced sailing ships making mass emigration possible.  In the 1850s and 1860s, thirty to fifty small Norwegian sailing vessels (brigs, schooners, or barks) would set out annually each April or May from the coast of Norway. Each carried between one-hundred and four-hundred passengers, and almost all were overloaded. The journey was hard - it took four to twelve weeks to cross the North Atlantic, and it was dangerous. In 1862 four percent of the emigrants on Norwegians vessels died at sea. And in 1863 Norwegian authorities passed regulations to try to prevent overloading, and to ensure that the emigrants carried no diseases.

May 26, 1865. The American Civil War ends.
July 6, 1865.    They arrive in Quebec. 

By this time 77,873 Norwegians had left Norway, mainly from the fjord districts of western Norway and the mountain areas of eastern Norway.

1870's:  During the 1870's there were only 2 dentists in the entire county.  If a tooth needed extraction, people would do it themselves.  The common method was to tie a string to the person's infected tooth and also to a door knob and then quickly move the door to pull the tooth.  According to the census the Scandinavians had become the largest foreign-born group in Minnesota. The Scandinavian group was dominated by the Norwegians.

Bartinus Satrum and Caroline Winge marry on March 5, 1892, and move with Caroline's father, Matthias Winge, to Laq qui Parle county, Minnesota.

1900 U. S. Census:

Bartinus and Lena are listed as living in "Township" (the actual township name was not entered on the form, but we believe it to be Zumbrota Township) and owning their home and not having a mortgage.  Living at home with them are their children: Selma P., Jaynetta (note spelling), Mattie O. (this is Olga), and Emma M.

1910 U. S. Census:
Bartinus and Mette are listed as living in Zumbrota Township and having a mortgage on their home.  Living at home with them are their children: Jonette G., Mette O., Emma M., Benjamin L., Bethsadia O., Hannah N., Henry N., Olaf, and Clarence R.

1920 U. S. Census:
Bartinus, a general farmer, and Lena are listed as living in Minneola Township and owning their home. Living at home with them are their children: Emma (A sales lady in a dry goods store), Benjamin (A laborer in a brick factory), Bethsadia Oline, Hannah Normandie, Henry Norman, Olaf, Clarence Rudolph, Myrtle Leona, Malinda Luella,  and Stella Viola.

1930 U. S. Census:
Bartinus and Lena are listed as living in Minneola Township and owning their home and having a radio in the home.  Living at home with them are their children: Clarence, Myrtle, and Stella.

1939 Crown Prince Olaf of Norway visits Zumbrota:
The band, quartermasters, American Legion, Viking Club and crowds of spectators thronged the streets.  The Mayor presided over a ceremony given on the steps of the armory.

Mette Caroline Winge  (Vinge)
Mette Caroline Winge was known as "Lena".  Her name was pronounced "CAR" "O" LEE NA".  We are just now learning more details about her.

Mette Caroline was the daughter of Mathias Vinge and Johanna Vollan and was born in Wanamingo Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota.

We don't know how Bartinus and Lena met each other.  In Norway, her family lived in Skatval, north and west of of Stjørdal and Bartinus' farmily lived east of Stjørdal, north of Hegre.  In Minnesota their farms were not close to each other.  The Vinges were followers of Hauge and went to a church west of Wanamingo in Aspelund.  The Satrums went to Minneola Lutheran Church in Minneola Township.  While the distances were not great, it may not have been easy to learn about each other.

For many years, the grown children of Bartinus and Lena came home for Sunday dinner, each and every week, even those living many miles away.  Also, there were many family picnics and get togethers held at that farm over the years.

NOTES:  Add gravestone icon and links to pictures, upload pictures.  Possibly add thumbnails of gravestones and picture of Minneola church as well.  Mention that Minneola kept records in Norwegian until 1931.  Include any references from Minneola notes that we took.